Unit 53 2D Animation Production


What is animation?

Animation is a process where you create a series of images and create a rapid sequence images in order to create an illusion form of movement. This is a process which generally takes time and effort to finish, specially when you need it to look presentable as well as getting it finished. This isn’t a subject that I would have lots of experience of, but I have recently learned about animation and many ways of creating them.

Different types of animation

There are a variety of animation techniques, even techniques that I have been ignorant about until I’ve learned about the different forms of animation that have been used before. I had very little to no knowledge of the techniques of animation and how it began to begin with. I had learned more about animation along the way. There are many forms and mediums of animation used among animators throughout the years as well as the past.

Examples of animations

These are only a few examples of animation used by animators, meaning that there are more than techniques than most people would have known about.

The basic concept of cel animation

Cel animation is a technique of 2D animation done using sheets of celluloid paper, pens, pencils and a camera to draw images and drawing over them whilst taking pictures of them. Animators, with this technique, would generally use translucent paper to be able to trace over the previous images. As this process is going, a camera is used to snapshot each picture in the chronological order that they were created in. All the frames are put in a sequence to create an illusion of movement.

Just a hunch of how the process goes

Rotoscoping involves tracing photos from live action to make frames to animate. This is similar to traditional animation. A projector is needed display photos onto a canvas or a sheet of paper for the animator to trace over the image.

Quite an extraordinary animation technique

There are many different forms of animation that work similarly, but have a unique factor like sand animation. This process is fairly similar to cel animation, except that it only requires grains of sand and a flat surface. Creating frames would be done by using the sand and taking a picture. The process is done the same way for the illusion movement as well.

History of Animation

Animation was existed for as long as humanity had been around. There had been all different forms of animation in the world throughout time that different animators had used during that time. As time processed, so had the technology and tools needed to create animations. We find newer ways of animating, quality and process.

1831- Both men, Dr. Joseph Antoine Plateau  and Dr. Simon Rittrer created a machine they called a phenakitstoscope. This machine made a form of movement by letting a person look at a rotating disk with small windows; there was another disk of images behind the windows. When the disks were spinning at the right amount of speed, the synchronization of the windows with the images created an animated effect.

An animation sequence of a dance couple (how splendid!)

1889- Thomas Edison invented a kinetoscope, which was able to project 50ft of film in about 13 seconds.

The device made by the man himself.

1906- J. Stuart Blackton made the first animated film called “Humorous phases of funny faces.” He made this by drawing comical faces on a blackboard and film them. He would stop the film, erase one face to draw another, and then film the newly drawn face. The stop-motion provided a starting effect as the facial expressions changed before the any viewer’s eyes.

1910- Emile Cohl makes En Route the first paper cutout animation. This technique saves time by not having to redraw each cell, but only  needing to change the position of the paper.

En Route screenshot

1914- Earl Hurd first used the technique of drawing the animated portion of an animation on a  celluloid sheet of paper and later photographing it with its matching background which is known today as cel animation.




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